BIRD WATCHING IN KUMANA NATIONAL PARK

Kumana is known as the birding paradise of Sri Lanka. Three reasons contribute to this assumption.

1.Kumana villu a swamp of 750 acres ( little over a square mile) is the nesting colony of over 3000 birds of 22 species, Perhaps the only nesting site of so many aquatic birds in such a small area. From April to September every Year hundreds of Pelicans, Painted storks, Spoon bills, Open bills, Ibis, the four species of Egrets, the four species of herons, Cormorants, Darters, Whistling Teal, Jacanas, Black winged stilts, Moor hens, and Purple Gallinules gather in this Villus to nest.

2.The series of Lagoons on the eastern boundary of the National park attracts hundreds of migrant waders from November to April. 67 species have been recorded in these areas.

3.The terrain of the National Park with its many plains, Rocky outcrops and riverine forest provide nesting site to the 162 species that form the resident species of the national park. It’s also the home range of the Sri Lanka’s Largest and the rarest Resident Bird, The Blacked Necked Stork.

 

Detailed Below are some of the birds that are found in Kumana

  1. Alexandrine Parakeet
  2. Alpine Swift
  3. Ashy crowned Finch Lark
  4. Ashy Prinia
  5. Ashy Swallow Shrike
  6. Asiatic Golden Plover
  7. Banded bay Cuckoo
  8. Barn Owl
  9. Barn swallow
  10. Barred Button Quail
  11. Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike
  12. Baya Weaver
  13. Besra
  14. Black Bittern
  15. Black Capped kingfisher
  16. Black Crested Bulbul
  17. Black Crow
  18. Black Eagle
  19. Black Headed Ibis
  20. Black headed Gull
  21. Black naped Monarch
  22. Black Necked Stork
  23. Black Rumpedflameback
  24. Black tailed Godwit
  25. Black Winged kite
  26. Black winged Stilt
  27. Black-headed Cuckooshrike
  28. Black-Headed Munia
  29. Black-Headed Oriole
  30. Blue Faced MalKoha
  31. Blue tailed Bee-eater
  32. Blue winged Leafbird
  33. Brahaminy Mynah
  34. Brahiminykite
  35. Brown Fish Owl
  36. Brown Hawk Owl
  37. Brown Headed Barbet
  38. Brown Headed Gull
  39. Brown Shrike
  40. Brown-capped Pigmy Woodpecker
  41. Caspian Tern
  42. Cattle Egret
  43. Changeable Hawk Eagle
  44. Chestnut Headed Bee-eater
  45. Cinnamon Bittern
  46. Collard’s Scops Owl
  47. Common Coot
  48. Common Coucal
  49. Common Iora
  50. Common kestrel
  51. Common Kingfisher
  52. Common Moor Hen
  53. Common Mynah
  54. Common Nightjar
  55. Common Redshank
  56. Common Sandpiper
  57. Common Tailorbird
  58. Common Tern
  59. Common Wood Shrike
  60. Coppersmith barbet
  61. Cotton Teal
  62. Crested Serpent Eagle
  63. Crested Tree Swift
  64. Crimson Faced Barbet
  65. Curlew Sandpiper
  66. Dark fronted Babbler
  67. Darter
  68. Drongo Cuckoo
  69. Emerald Dove
  70. Eurasian Curlew
  71. Eurasian Thick Knee
  72. Forest Wagtail
  73. Franklin’s Prinia
  74. Gargeney
  75. Geenshank
  76. Glossy Ibis
  77. Golden fronted Leafbird
  78. Great Cormorant
  79. Great Thick Knee
  80. Greater Flameback
  81. Greater Flamingo
  82. Greater Racket tailed Drongo
  83. Green Bee-eater
  84. Green Imperial Pigeon
  85. Green Sand piper
  86. Grey Headed Fish Eagle
  87. Grey Heron
  88. Grey Plover
  89. Grey Tit
  90. Grey Wagtail
  91. Gull Billed Tern
  92. Hoopoe
  93. House Crow
  94. House Swift
  95. Indian Cuckoo
  96. Indian Cormorant
  97. Indian edible Nest Swift
  98. Indian Pea Fowl
  99. Indian Pitta
  100. Indian Pond Heron
  101. Indian Robin
  102. Indian Roller
  103. Indian Sky lark
  104. Indian Thick knee
  105. Jungle Owlet
  106. Jungle Prinia
  107. Kentish Plover
  108. KingQuail
  109. Koel
  110. Large Crested Tern
  111. Large Cuckooshrike
  112. Large Egret
  113. Large Sand Plover
  114. Lesser Whistling Teal
  115. Lesser Adjutant
  116. Lesser Sand Plover
  117. Lesser Yellownaped Wood Pecker
  118. Little Cormorant
  119. Little Egret
  120. Little Grebe
  121. Little Heron
  122. Little Ringed Plover
  123. Little Stint
  124. Little Tern
  125. Loten’s Sunbird
  126. Malabar Pied Hornbill
  127. Marsh Harrier
  128. Marsh Sandpiper
  129. Marshall’s Iora
  130. Median Egret
  131. Montagu’s Harrier
  132. Night Heron
  133. Open Bill Stork
  134. Orange Breasted green Pigeon
  135. Oriental Honey Buzzard
  136. Oriental Magpie Robin
  137. Oriental Pratincole
  138. Oriental Scops Owl
  139. Oriental white-eye
  140. Oyster Catcher
  141. Painted Snipe
  142. Painted Stork
  143. Pallid Harrier
  144. Palm Swift
  145. Paradise Flycatcher
  146. Peregrine Falcon
  147. Pheasant Tailed Jacana
  148. Pied Crested Cuckoo
  149. Pied Harrier
  150. Pied Kingfisher
  151. Pintail
  152. Pintail Snipe
  153. Plaintive Cuckoo
  154. Pompadour Green Pigeon
  155. Purple Coot
  156. Purple Heron
  157. Purple Sunbird
  158. Purple-rumped Sunbird
  159. Red billed Tropic bird
  160. Red Faced Malkoha
  161. Red Rumped Swallow
  162. Red wattled Lapwing
  163. Red-Backed Woodpecker
  164. Red-vented Bulbul
  165. Ringed Plover
  166. Rock Pigeon
  167. Rose Ringed Parakeet
  168. Roseate Tern
  169. Rufous Winged Bush lark
  170. Rufous Woodpecker
  171. Sanderling
  172. Scaly breasted Munia
  173. Scarlet Minivet
  174. Shikra
  175. Shoveller
  176. Silverbill
  177. Sirkeer
  178. Small Minivet
  179. Small Pratincole
  180. Smaller Crested Tern
  181. Spoon Bill
  182. Spot Bellied Eagle Owl
  183. Spot Billed Pelican
  184. Spotted Dove
  185. Spotted Redshank
  186. Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
  187. Sri Lankan Jungle Fowl
  188. Sri Lankan Spur Fowl
  189. Srilanka Frogmouth
  190. Stork billed kingfisher
  191. Streaked Weaver
  192. Striated Heron
  193. Tawny Bellied Babbler
  194. Temminck’s Stint
  195. Terek Sandpiper
  196. Tickell’s blue flycatcher
  197. Turnstone
  198. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch
  199. Water Cock
  200. Water Hen
  201. Western reef Egret
  202. Whimbrel
  203. Whiskered Tern
  204. White Bellied Drongo
  205. White Bellied Sea Eagle
  206. White Breasted Kingfisher
  207. White Breasted Water hen
  208. White Browed Fantail
  209. White browned Prinia
  210. White Necked Stork(whooly)
  211. White Rumped Sharma
  212. White- rumpedMunia
  213. White Throated Babbler
  214. White Winged Black Tern
  215. White-browed Bulbul
  216. Wood Sandpiper
  217. Yellow Bittern
  218. Yellow crowned Sparrow
  219. Yellow Eyed Babbler
  220. Yellow Wagtail
  221. Yellow-wattled Lapwing
  222. ZittingCisticola